Sightseeing and interesting places in the tour
The Alfarrobeira, as it is called in Portuguese, is to be found all over the Algarve. The fruits, Alfarroba, are harvested in autumn when they have become black, by being beaten with a stick from the tree. They will be stored for 1 - 2 years until they are reused for example in the food, cosmetic, and textile industries. A distinction is made between the pulp and the seeds. The pulp contains sugar and is roasted and grinded into flour. In many "Pastelerias" in the Algarve you will find delicious products made from carob flour. The cores are used in the food industry as a stabilizer and a binder. The seeds, carob, always have a weight of 0.2 grams and were formerly used to weigh diamonds, therefore the name carats.
There are evergreen trees that get very large. There are those that are up to 90 m high in Tasmania. Typically, the outermost cortical layer falls off in long strips. They are mainly grown because they grow very quickly and they are good usable wood for the paper and furniture industries. There is an abundant essential oil in the leaves, which is used as a medicine. Every 10 years, the crown of the tree gets cut and that happens four times until the tree is cut down. The roots of these trees penetrate deep into the soil; this can dry it out and so alter natural habitats. In addition, they burn very quickly. That is why they are not well seen in the Algarve, because of the forest fires that often occur during the summer.
In this area there are mainly almond, olive, carob, pine and fig trees. While the olive, pine and almond trees remain evergreen, the fig and almond trees lose their leaves in winter. The fig trees will look as if they were withered. The almond trees glisten at the end of January, with white or pink flowers and because of the variety of trees in some places, one speaks of a sea of flowers that covers the landscape.